Emigration Routes (1763-1809)
Top red line: Presumed emigration route taken by people from Alsace to Neudorf in about 1809.
Karl Stumpp's map "Countries of Origin Migration Routes and Areas of Settlement (1763-1861) of the Volga and Black Sea Germans in the Mother Colonies. Source: [StumppP]
Glückstal Colonies (1809-present)
In 1808, the four Glückstal Mother colonies were founded: Glückstal, Neudorf, Bergdorf and Kassel. In the spring of 1809, the colony of Glückstal was settled. The 106 German families who were living in the Armenian village of Grigoriopol were relocated to the village of Glinnoi, which was renamed Glückstal. Glückstal served as temporary housing for other families waiting for the other colonies to be settled in the spring of 1810: Neudorf was settled by 100 families in January; Bergdorf was settled by 68 families; and Kassel was settled by 99 families. Kassel was moved in the spring of 1841 due to persistent flooding. The maps below show the Mother colonies through time, including the original location of Kassel when it is still evident on the map.
This map shows the location of both the Mother and Daughter colonies today with an inset of the larger area.
Colonists from the Glückstal colonies were among the first Germans from Russia to immigrate to the United States in the early 1870s. They made their way to the Dakota Territory, which was still being surveyed. Those who came to farm homesteaded in the southeast corner of the state and were among those who established the 14 original German-Russian townships.
When German from Russia arrived in the U.S., most of them came late enough in the settlement of the Midwest to avoid serious conflicts with the Native Americans. However, stories of raids from the past plus unrest among the Sioux Indian tribes mixed with sensational newspaper accounts to provide the background for the Dakota Indian Scare during the late fall of 1890. Many of the homesteaders fled to the nearest town for "protection." Map by James Klein. Source: [Glückstal-2004], p. 527–531.
Page last updated 5 March 2022