Image Gallery: Military

This is a collection of photos of Glückstalers and their descendants who served in the military in Czarist Russia, Soviet Russia, Germany, Canada, and the United States between about 1877 and 1967.

In Russia, general compulsory military service was introduced on 1 January 1874 as part of an extensive reform work to modernize the Russian army. All men aged 21 and older were required to do six years of active military service and then serve in the reserves for nine years. For the Germans who were now considered Russian citizens, this meant the loss of their last privilege, which many felt was a breach of previous promises. However, not all Germans from Russia were opposed to military service. A letter to the editor published in the Odessaer Zeitung on 10 October 1878 revealed that "our Germans in Germany" were also obliged to do military service. By 1877/78, Germans in Russia were already serving in the czarist army in the latest war between Russia and Turkey.

Regardless, the loss of this privilege resulted in the emigration of numerous Germans from Russia to North and South America beginning in 1874. This would eventually lead to brothers from the old country fighting brothers from the new country by World War I and World War II, which had both German-Russian immigrants and their descendants in the armed services on both sides of the conflicts.

Some of the photos in this collection were originally included in The Glückstalers in New Russia and North America: A Bicentennial Collection of History, Genealogy and Folklore [Glückstal-2004] and The Glückstalers in New Russia, the Soviet Union, and North America [Glückstal-2008]. There are many more stories, photos, and detailed history in [Glückstal-2004, pp. 503-569]. Additional photos and details have been graciously supplied by the following contributors: Ellen Barnhill, Allyn Brosz, Connie Dahlke, Steve Eberle, Barb Dante, Jaimie McEvoy, Cynthia Monaghan, Zeb Reich, Daniel Rott, Sandy Schilling Payne, Thomas Schnaidt, Duane Stabler, and Terri Thompson.

To donate photos to this collection, please contact the webmaster at gcra.webmaster@gmail.com.

Johann Staebler

Hometown: Klein Neudorf, Kherson, South Russia

Johann served in the Russian Army in the late 1870s. He is pictured here in a Russian Army dress uniform.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Bergdorf and Klein Neudorf.

Phillip Littke

Hometown: Klöstitz, Bessarabia, South Russia

Phillip served Russia in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78. He was a conscientious objector, so he was assigned to work on the bread wagon. He was denied his soldiers payout at the end of the war. Instead was given an old horse.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Georg Littke of Kassel (and later Klöstitz, Bessarabia).

Jacob Bauder

Hometown: Hoffnungstal, Kherson, South Russia

Jacob was a captain in the artillery of the "Czar's Army." This photo shows four Russian "Czarist" officers with two security officers. The notation on the back that says that "Jacob is the second from the left in the back [row]."

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Hoffnungstal

Michael Wall (Walth)

Hometown: Hoffnungstal, Kherson, South Russia

Michael, seated on the left, played coronet in a Russian Army band in Manchuria during the the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05). His sister, Barbara Voegele, remembered his homecoming in 1906 after the war: "...thousands of soldiers passed through our town [Hoffnungstal]...walking and riding on the trains....he bought a pineapple and a coconut with him..." He later married Katharina Rueb andd immigrated to the United States, eventually settling in Lodi, California.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Michael was born 5 December 1880 to Wilhlem Walth and Carolina Schlaht in Hoffnungstal.

John Opp

Hometown: Glückstal, Kherson, South Russia

John was a part of a Russian military band during the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05), second row, second from the left.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: John was born Glückstal in 1882.

Peter Ladner

Hometown: Glückstal, Kherson, South Russia

The original caption of this photograph read: "Peter Ladner, a resident of Glückstal. He is serving his third war for Russia. In 1900, he served as a regular soldier in combat in the war against the Boxer Rebellion 1899-1901] in China. In 1904, he was drafted for the war against Japan [Russo-Japanese War (1904-05)], and now [in 1916] against the Central Powers [Germany & Austria-Hungary]."

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Peter was born on 24 September 1876 in Glückstal to Jacob Ladner and Christina Schöll.

August Bader, Emanuel Seefried and Johannes Bader

Hometown: Marienberg, Kherson, South Russia

(left to right) August, Emanuel and Johannes served in the Russian Army. Photo circa 1918.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Marienberg

August Reich

Hometown: Stutsman County, North Dakota, USA

August immigrated to the United States and served in the U.S. Army during WWI.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: August was born in Kassel on 12 February 1896.

Jacob Daniel Friske

Hometown: Brown County, South Dakota, USA

Jakob was inducted in Aberdeen, South Dakota on 12 March 1918. Jacob participated in the battles of St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Jakob was born in Bergdorf on 24 November 1891.

Jacob Goetz

Hometown: Java, South Dakota, USA

Jacob served in WWI. Battery "D" 79th Field Artillery Camp Meade, Maryland.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Jacob was born on 14 November 1897 in Glückstal, the son of Johann Goetz and Christiana Unruh.

Chris Gross

Hometown: Eureka, South Dakota, USA

Chris served in the Infantry during WWI. He enlisted 5 August 1918.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Heinrich Gross of Glückstal.

John Rott

Hometown: Logan County, North Dakota, USA

John is pictured on the left with his buddy only identified as S. Newhorth. Photo was taken at Camp Cody near Deming, New Mexico circa 1918. He suffered lung damage from mustard gas and died on 1 January 1924.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Joseph Rott and Christina Kessler of Glückstal.

Jacob Stabler

Hometown: Eureka, South Dakota, USA

Jacob served the U.S. during WWI. Later he moved to Montana.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Jacob was born in Glückstal.

Otto Stabler

Hometown: Eureka, South Dakota, USA

Otto served the U.S. during WWI. He later moved to Montana with his brother, Jacob.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Otto was born in Glückstal.

Christopher Bollinger, Albert Seefried and Eduard Bollinger

Hometown: Marienberg

(left to right) Christopher, Albert and Eduard served in the German Army in 1942.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Marienberg

Gerhardt Wilbert Brosz

Hometown: Tripp, South Dakota, USA

Gerhardt was killed in action on 2 March 1945, just before his 20th birthday, when an enemy artillery shell struck the building occupied by his squad near Saarlautern, Germany. He was buried in Saarlautern but then moved to the U.S. Military cemetery in Neuville-en-Condroz, nine miles south of Liege, Belgium. His family chose to move him to the Tripp Cemetery, where he was buried on 2 September 1945. He was the son of Arthur and Adina Brosz.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Grandson of Katharina Lehr Brosz of Kassel.

Marvin Gross

Hometown: Eureka, South Dakota, USA

Marvin served in Pacific Theater during WWII ending his service with the rank of Staff Sergeant. He entered service on 26 October 1944.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Grandson of Heinrich Gross of Glückstal.

Henry "Hank" Eisenbeisz

Hometown: Hosmer, South Dakota, USA

Hank served in the Army.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Jacob Eisenbeisz Jr. and Katherina Jundt of Glückstal.

Erwin Stabler

Hometown: Eureka, South Dakota, USA

Erwin served the U.S. during WWII. He enlisted on 26 October 1942 and spent time in New Guinea.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of John Stabler, Jr. of Klein Neudorf.

Richard Schnaidt

Hometown: Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA

Richard served in the U.S. Navy as a Quartermaster 1st Class.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Grandson of Jacob and Carolina Schnaidt of Kassel.

William Schilling

Hometown: Hosmer, South Dakota, USA

Bill served in the Army in WWII.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Johann Schilling and Rosina Keszler of Glückstal.

Emil Reich

Hometown: Mercer County, North Dakota, USA

Emil served in U.S. Army during WWII in the Pacific Theater. Pictured is Emil and his father August at Camp Wolters (now Fort Wolters) near Mineral Wells, Texas.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of August Reich of Kassel.

Adolf Moser

Hometown: Medina, North Dakota, USA

Adolf was an MP and served in WWII.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of William Jacob Moser of Friedenstal with ties to Nesselrode and Freudental (Liebental).

Edwin Eisenbeisz

Hometown: Hosmer, South Dakota, USA

Edwin served Navy in WWII. Shown here with his wife, Mathilda "Mickey" Stoecker.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Jacob Eisenbeisz Jr. and Katherina Jundt of Glückstal.

Clifford Leroy Goehring

Hometown: Lodi, California, USA.

Clifford was born in South Dakota and served with the U.S. Army in the South Pacific during World War II, specifically the liberation of the Philippines and other islands.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Edward Goehring of Kassel Charlotte Moser of Freudental.

Richard Gross

Hometown: Eureka, South Dakota, USA

Richard served in U.S. Navy in the Pacific Theater during WWII. He entered service on 18 June 1946.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Grandson of Heinrich Gross of Glückstal.

Samuel Littke

Hometown: Melville, Saskatchewan, Canada

Samuel served in the Royal Canadian Air Force in Europe in WWII. He's shown here (back right) with his family.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Georg Littke of Kassel (and later Klöstitz, Bessarabia).

Jacob Eberle

Hometown: Edgemont, South Dakota, USA

Jacob Johann Fredrich Eberle was born in Delmont, Douglas County, South Dakota. Jake enlisted in the U.S. Army on 5 May 1942 when he was 32 years old. He served in the Army in the 7th Armored Division, 33rd Armored Engineering Battalion, 925th Ordinance Heavy Auto Maintenance Company, Tec 4th class. He received the American Theater Service Medal, European-African-Middle Eastern Theater Service Medal, two Overseas Service Bars, and a Good Conduct Medal. He was in battles and campaigns in Northern France, Ardennes, Rhineland, and Central Europe. On 15 November 1945, Jake was honorably discharged.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Rosina Schneider of Neudorf and Gottlieb Eberle of Grossliebental. The couple was married in Bergdorf and lived in Friedenstal (Trigrady).

Emer Rott

Hometown: Bowden, North Dakota, USA

Emer served in the Navy and stationed most of his time in Attu and Kiska, Alaska.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Glückstal

Albert Eberle

Hometown: Edgemont, South Dakota, USA

Albert Gottlieb Eberle was born in Tripp, Hutchison County, South Dakota. He began his service in the U.S. Army on 6 May 1942 when he was 30 years old. He served as a Private First Class in the 29th Infantry Division and the 66th Infantry Division. He was honorably discharged 14 November 1945.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Rosina Schneider of Neudorf and Gottlieb Eberle of Grossliebental. The couple was married in Bergdorf and lived in Friedenstal (Trigrady).

Oscar Eberle

Hometown: Edgemont, South Dakota, USA

Oscar “Buddie” Henry Eberle was born in Edgemont, Fall River County South Dakota. Oscar enlisted in the military on 5 May 1942. He served as a Technical Sargent in the 15th Army Air Force Tactical Unit, 5th Bomb Wing, 2nd Brigade, 429th squadron. He was in the Air Corps of Europe and served in the Normandy European, North African, and Mid-Eastern theaters of operation.

He flew 57 missions, 56 as a flight engineer/top turret gunner and his last mission as a tail gunner. Oscar was credited with shooting down a Focke-Wulf FW-190 German fighter airplane, for which he received an Air Medal.

While he was with the Second Brigade (Bombardment Group), he took part in the invasion of Italy (September 1943); the drive toward Rome (January–June 1944); the invasion of Southern France, (August 1944); and the campaigns against German forces in northern Italy (June 1944–May 1945). Enroute to bomb a vital aircraft factory at Steyr on 24 Feb 1944, the group was greatly outnumbered by enemy interceptors, but it maintained its formation and bombed the target, receiving a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC, later called the Presidential Unit Citation) for the performance.

On 25 September 1945, Oscar was honorably discharged.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Rosina Schneider of Neudorf and Gottlieb Eberle of Grossliebental. The couple was married in Bergdorf and lived in Friedenstal (Trigrady).

Harold Weisenburger

Hometown: Bellingham, Washington, USA

During WWII, Harold (on the left) was a part of C Company of the 736th Tank Battalion. This company was chosen to cross the Rhine with amphibious tanks and hold the east bank while the Army engineers tried to get bridges built. Harold spoke German and Russian, so he was sent over the river to “retrieve” a tank that had been left behind when the U.S. Army was recalled. His daughter recounts: "Funny story and a bit dangerous! The Russians denied that it was a U.S. Army Sherman tank as they had decorated it and everything. Dad had his driver go inside to 'admire the new flooring’ and put it into gear. They put the tank first as they rammed through the checkpoint! Got it back!"

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Son of Katherina Bauder Weisenburger of Hoffnungstal.

Reynold Hoffer

Hometown: Kief, North Dakota, USA

Reynold served in the Korean War.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Grandson of Johann Hoffer and Magdalena Bentz of Neudorf.

Willard Brosz

Hometown: Tripp, South Dakota, USA

Bill is pictured here being promoted from second to first lieutenant in 1954. He was stationed at Camp Detrick (now Fort Detrick), Maryland.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Grandson of Margaretha "Margaret" Lehr Brosz of Kassel.

Cornelius John "C.J." Schilling

Hometown: Bowdle, South Dakota, USA

C.J. served in the Korean War.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Grandson of Johann Schilling and Rosina Keszler of Glückstal and Karl Martel and Sophie Wahl of Kassel.

Alice Leberman

Hometown: Lodi, California, USA

U.S. Marine Corp, 1955-1957. Alice was stationed at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Granddaughter of Karl Martel and Sophie Wahl of Kassel.

Ronald Schnaidt

Hometown: Aberdeen, South Dakota, USA

Ronald served in the Air Force in Vietnam. He was 20 years old with only three months left in his deployment. His cargo plane had finished a drop and returned to Tan Son Nhut Air Base outside of Saigon. It reloaded and took off. As was generally the case, the back of the plane remained open. Cargo shifted, pushing Ronald out the back. He died that day, April 6, 1967. He was the son of Robert Schnaidt and Viola Sulzle.

Glückstal Colonies Connection: Grandson of Christ Schnaidt and Fredericka Schanzenbach and great-grandson of Johann Schilling and Rosina Keszler, all of Glückstal.


Page last updated 1 August 2022